Pulse Phase

Agni-Prime Missile: India’s New Generation Ballistic Missile Takes Flight

On April 3rd, 2024, India successfully test-fired its new generation ballistic missile, the Agni-Prime. This development marks a significant step forward in India’s missile technology and strategic deterrence capabilities.

Agni-Prime Missile

The Agni-Prime is a two-stage, solid-fuelled, road-mobile ballistic missile developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). Compared to previous Agni series missiles, the Agni-Prime boasts several advancements:

Agni Prime Missile Type:

Intermediate-Range Ballistic Missile (IRBM)

Agni Prime Missile Range:

1,500 to 2,000 km (930 to 1,240 mi)

Agni Prime Missile Propulsion:

Two-stage solid-fuelled

Agni Prime Missile Launch Capability:

Road-mobile, canister launched

Agni Prime Warhead:

Likely nuclear-capable, yield in the low-kiloton range

Agni Prime Accuracy:

Circular Error Probable (CEP) is expected to be in the few tens of meters

Agni Prime Development:

First test flight conducted in December 2021

Agni Prime Deployment:

Status unclear, possible future deployment with Indian armed forces

Agni Prime Significance:

Represents a significant advancement in India’s missile technology, enhancing its second-strike capability and deterrence against regional threats.

The Agni-Prime’s canister launch method and road mobility offer distinct advantages. Canister launchers provide better protection for the missile during transportation and storage, while road mobility allows for launch from various locations, enhancing survivability and operational flexibility.

The Agni-Prime’s manoeuvrability and advanced guidance systems suggest its potential use in both offensive and defensive operations. This versatility adds another layer of complexity for any potential adversary.

  • Lighter and More Agile: While resembling the Agni-III, the Agni-Prime is considerably lighter, enhancing its manoeuvrability and deployment flexibility. This improved agility makes it more effective in contemporary warfare scenarios.
  • Advanced Propulsion and Guidance: The Agni-Prime integrates state-of-the-art propulsion systems with composite rocket motor casings. It also features advanced navigation and guidance systems, making it a more precise and reliable weapon.
  • Modernisation Potential: The Agni-Prime is envisioned to replace older generation missiles like Prithvi-II, Agni-II, Agni-III, and Agni-4. This will significantly modernise India’s ballistic missile arsenal.

The successful test launch of the Agni-Prime was a collaborative effort between the Strategic Forces Command (SFC) and DRDO. Following the test, India’s Defence Minister Rajnath Singh commended DRDO, SFC, and the Armed Forces for their accomplishment. He emphasized that the induction of the Agni-Prime will substantially bolster India’s operational military capabilities.

Looking Ahead

The successful test launch of the Agni-Prime signifies a critical milestone in India’s missile development program. Further tests and refinement are anticipated before full-scale deployment with the Indian Armed Forces.

The Agni-Prime’s induction will undoubtedly strengthen India’s strategic deterrence capabilities and contribute to regional stability. It will be interesting to see how other countries in the region respond to this technological advancement.

This article provides a brief overview of the Agni-Prime missile within a 500-word limit. If you’d like to delve deeper into specific aspects, feel free to ask further questions.

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