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Public Administration Optional Syllabus For UPSC Exam

The Civil Services Examination (CSE), also known as UPSC exam, Public Administration Books & Syllabus is an examination process in India that is supervised by the Union Public Service Commission to recruit Civil Services of the Government of India. This exam consists of three parts.

  1. An initial test consists of two objective papers; General Science I and II. This objective paper is also known as Civil Service Aptitude Test (CSAT).
  2. The core examination includes a conventional essay. A personality test or interview is also conducted.

Public Administration

Public Administration is the most commonly chosen optional subject for the UPSC exam by students.

Best Booklist for Public Administration

Books recommended for optional paper 1

  • Lakshmikant public administration
  • Lakshmikant public administration
  • Lakshmikant public administration
  • Lakshmikant public administration
  • Lakshmikant public administration

Books recommended for optional paper 2

  • IGNOU Material
  • IGNOU Material
  • IGNOU Material


#1. Introduction

It will contain Background knowledge and significance, Wilson’s vision of Public Administration Books & Syllabus, Approach of public choice, globalization challenges, moral governance, privatization and liberalization, evolution of Public Administration and history

#2. Administrative thought

It will contain scientific management and its movement, Dynamic Administration, Bureaucratic model of Weber and its critique, Post Weber developments, Human Relations School, Participative Management, Functions of the Executive, Decision-making theory of Simon

#3. Administrative Behavior

Decision-making process, methods of communication, Three theories of motivation, Modern and conventional theories of leadership

#4. Organizations

Theories of contingency and system, Boards and Commissions, Corporations, Companies, Ministries and Departments, Various advisory bodies, Relation between field and headquarters, Different regulatory agencies, Public and private partnerships

#5. Liability and Control

Basic ideas, The control of Executive, legislative and Jurisdictional bodies over administration, Citizen and Administration, responsibility of different interest groups, media and civil society, Citizen’s charters: social audit and right of information

#6. Administrative law

Background and information, Dicey on Administrative law, legislations and administrative trials

#7. Relative Public Administration

Various aspects that affect administration, Political and administration system in countries, Riggsian model, Link between ecology and administration

#8. Development dynamics

Development concept, anti-development concept, relation between development and bureaucracy, debate of market vs strong state, effect of liberalization on management in developing countries, how women contribute to development

#9. Employees Administration

Significance of human resource development, ethics of administration, Code of conduct, recruitment, career advancement, discipline, performance appraisal, position classification, training, promotion, employer-employee relations, pay and service conditions, complaint redressal mechanism

#10. Public Policy

Models and critiques, evaluation, planning, conceptualization, monitoring, and review and their limitations, Public policy formulation, and state theories

#11. Practices of Administrative Improvement:

Organizations and procedures, information technology, work management and e-governance

#12. Financial Administration

Fiscal and monetary guidelines, types of public borrowings and public debt Budgets, process of budget and monetary accountability, accounts and audit


#1. Indian Administration Evolution

Kautilya’s Arthashastra, administration of Mughals, British rule’s legacy, district administration, local self-government, revenue administration, Indianization of public services

#2. Moral and Constitutional outline of government

Prominent aspects, constitutionalism and political culture, link between Government and democracy

#3. Public Sector Undertakings

Public sector and its forms in modern India, issues of control, autonomy, accountability, influence of liberalization and denationalization

#4. Union Government and Administration

Structure and roles of Judiciary, Central Secretariat, Field organizations Executive and Parliament, cabinet Secretariat, intra-governmental relations, Ministries and Departments, Boards, Commissions, Prime Minister’s Office

#5. Plans and Priorities

Procedures of planning, roles, and responsibilities of the National Development Council and the Planning Commission, plan devising at Union and State levels, Constitutional Amendments (1992), and decentralized planning for economic development and social justice.

#6. State Government and Administration

The financial, administrative, legislative relations of Union and state, the responsibility of the Chief Minister; Governor; Chief Secretary; State Secretariat; Council of Ministers Directorates. Finance Commission

#7. District Administration since Independence

Role changing of the Collector, local and Union state relations, and law and order administration, district administration and democratic decentralization, essentials of development management

#8. Civil Services

Constitutional position, structure, recruitment, Code of conduct, staff associations, political rights, Civil service neutrality, and activism

#9. Financial Management

Budget used as a radical instrument, Parliamentary control, role of finance ministry in financial and fiscal procedures, accounting techniques

#10. Administrative Reforms since Independence

Problem areas of Important Committees and Commissions, improvements in financial management and human resource development, implementation problems

#11. Rural Development

Strategies of Rural development programs, Decentralization and Panchayati Raj; 73rd Constitutional amendment.

#12. Urban Local Government

Features of Municipal governance and their problem areas; 74th Constitutional Amendment, new localism, development dynamics, politics and administration related to city management

#13. Law and Order Administration

British law, National Police Commission, role of central and state agencies in maintaining of order and countering terrorism, criminalization of politics, relation between public and police

#14. Significant issues in Indian Administration

Citizen-administration interface, values in public service, Regulatory Commissions, disaster management, problems of administration in coalition regimes, corruption and administration, National Human Rights Commission

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Public Administration Optional Preparation Strategy