Geography Optional Books and Syllabus for UPSC

Union Public Service Commission is the full title of the UPSC. The Union Public Service  Commission (UPSC) conducts a national level exam for 24 services under the Central and State Governments of India. Geography Books & Syllabus for UPSC syllabus includes geography as a mandatory subject. It’s a fascinating topic that’s also  inevitable because it’s a requirement for General Studies Paper I and the IAS prelims test.

The  UPSC IAS Mains Optional papers are valued 500 points in total. The optional papers are split  into 2 parts, each one with 250 marks: Papers I and II. Candidates must take one optional  subject from a selection of subjects available for the UPSC Main exam. If you haven’t read through the entire syllabus, now is the time to do so.

The following are  some of the easiest ways to prepare for exams.

• Decide what you want to learn.

• Acknowledge the format of the question paper.

• Evaluate whether what you’ve read relates to your surroundings.

• Build relationships between geography and culture, economics, and other subjects.

Books to refer for Geography optional for UPSC exam

Geography can be a difficult subject to students. There are a lot of facts and things that the syllabus requires you to by heart. You cannot expect geography optional exams to be simple without referring to necessary books. Geography optional upsc books is what you need. This subject can be prepared for without referring to the proper geography optional upsc exam.

  • Agricultural Geography by Majid Husain
  • Regional Planning in India by Chand and Puri
  • Climatology by D.S Lal
  • Environmental Geography by H.M. Saxena
  • Oceanography by Sharma and Vatal
  • Physical Geography by Savindra Singh
  • Physical Geography By Savinder Singh
  • India – A Comprehensive Geography
  • Urbanization and Urban Systems in India
  • Physical Geography By Stahler
  • Physical Geography Made Simple Books
  • Geography Through Maps by K. Siddhartha
  • Geographical Thought: A Contextual History of Ideas
  • Fundamentals of Geographical Thought by Sudeepta Adhikari
  • Economic and Social Geography – Made Simple – R.Knowles & J.Wareing
  • Economic Geography- Hartshorn & Truman A
  • Environmental Awareness – R.C.Chandna
  • Physical Geography in Diagrams -Bunnett
  • Political Geography -R.D.Dixit
  • Principles of Geomorphology-W.D. Thornbury
  • Atmosphere, Weather, and Climate – K.Siddhartha

UPSC Geography Optional Paper Syllabus Paper-I

1. Geographical morphology

This topic includes the formation of the earth’s crust and its evolution; Continental drift; Topography of  the earth ‘s interior; Efficient support and exegetic factors in geological processes,  Recent analyses on mountain establishment; Channel morphological traits;  Geomagnetism underlying principles; Landform growth factors.

2. Climatology

The earth’s heat budget; Stability and volatility in the atmosphere. Winds on the planet  and in your surroundings; Plane streams and monsoons; Frontogenesis and air masses;  Cyclones, also temperate and tropical; Weather and Climate; Circulation of the  atmosphere.

3. Oceanography

The oceans’ temperature and salinity; biosphere, geological, and energy resources in the  sea; Coral reefs, waves, currents, and tides are all examples of natural phenomena. The  Atlantic Ocean’s bottom topography.

4. Biogeography

Soil depletion, soil formation; soil properties; soil erosion; Deforestation issues and mitigation  measures; Soil classification and distribution; Social land management; Biodiversity.

5. Environmental geography

Ecological shifts and imbalances on a global and regional scale; Management and  protection of ecosystems; Human adaptations to the environment.

6. Human geography

• Human Geography Insights

Socialism; Quantitative transformation and location based analysis; local synthesis;  Duality and naturalism.

• Economic geography

The distribution of world resources; the energy crisis; the development limits;  Agriculture around the world: Agricultural zone typology; agricultural inputs and  productivity; global economic development: trade patterns.

• Geography of population and settlement

Migration’s reasons and outcomes; over-under- and maximum population notions;  Global population growth and allocation; population myths, world population issues  and strategies, demographic characteristics; Quality of life and social well-being;  The population as a source of social capital; Rural settlement types and patterns;  Urban settlements are done in a systematic order.

• Planning for the region

A region’s concept; Types of regions and regional economic integration methods;  Development poles and growth departments.

• Human Geography Structures, Concepts, and Regulations

Human geography systems analysis; Malthusian, Marxian, and demographic change


UPSC Geography Optional Paper Syllabus Paper-II

Below is the syllabus for geography optional upsc exam :

1. Physical environment

India’s spatial relationship with its surrounding; geographic regions; structure and solace;  Drainage and watersheds; Indian monsoon dynamics and climate conditions.

2. Resources

Earth, air and ground water; energy, minerals, regenerative, and marine resources.

3. Agribusiness

Irrigation, crops, fertilizers and electricity are examples of construction. Land holdings,  tenure, and changes are all institutional considerations. Cropping patterns, agricultural efficiency, agricultural intensity, crop combination, and land capability are all important  factors to consider. Agroecology and social forestry.

4. Industry

Industry development; Cotton, jute, textile, iron and steel, pesticide, paper, chemical  and pharmaceutical, automotive, cottage, and farming industries all have geographical  influences. Public sector undertakings, as well as industrial houses and complexes.

5. Connection, Transit, and Exchange

Regional growth. The increasing importance of ports in domestic and international  trade; Balance of trade; Policy on Trade.

6. Cultural contexts

Religious groups; main tribes, tribal regions, and their problems, cultural regions;  historical perspective of Indian society; linguistic, textual, and ethnic diversity; religious  minorities; main tribes and their issues.

7. Arrangements

Different settlement forms, trends, and heterogeneity; Commercial areas; Indian city  morphology. Indian cities are classified according to their functions.

8. Geographic Development and Training

India’s experience with regional planning; Plans for the next five years, urban  electrification; democratic planning; development of study region Management of  watersheds.

9. Political Considerations

Indian federalism’s geographical foundations; state reorientation; the development of new states; regional awareness and regional problems; India’s international border and

related problems.

10. Concerns about the environment

Environmental threats such as soil erosion, earthquakes, Tidal waves, frequent  droughts, and pandemics; pollution-related issues; Global crisis and sustainable  development; Environmental impact evaluation and management principles. Geography is not a tough subject, but not easy either. There are a lot of things that students need to study for geography optional upsc exams. Geography optional syllabus may even appear difficult to a lot of students. Geography can be a challenging optional subject in upsc exam. A strategic plan, hard work and consistency is all that you need to conquer this subject.

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